Energy in New Caledonia

Electricity production

The energy mix of New-Caledonia’s electricity production is still largely dominated by fossil combustibles (Fuel oil, coal). The New-Caledonia government wants to change the present status and has shown high ambitions in the energy transition towards renewable energies.

Source: Data 2018 energy observatory

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Fuel oil
Other renewable energies

The Yaté dam has been supplying hydropower to New Caledonia for more than 60 years. Credit photo : Enercal.

Electricity consumption

The distribution of electricity consumption by sector shows that it is the metallurgy sector which is clearly the highest consumer of energy.

Source: Data 2018 energy observatory

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Mining Metallurgy
Industries - Tertiary
Professionals (LT)
Domestic (LT)
Public lighting

The SLN pyrometallurgical plant, like other metallurgical production units in New-Caledonia, is a major consumer of energy

Doniambo power plant

The Doniambo thermal power plant, belonging to SLN, is operated by Enercal (lien vers rubrique Enercal).
Power : 160 MW
Combustible : Heavy fuel oil
It supplies the pyrometallurgical plant of Société Le Nickel – SLN and provides backup power for public distribution.
Located on the SLN industrial site in the harbor of Nouméa, the Doniambo power plant benefits from port infrastructure for fuel deliveries and guarantees a reliable power supply to the factory.
Built over 45 years ago, the Doniambo power plant no longer meets the economic and environmental performance criteria of the SLN nor the objectives of the New-Caledonia Energy Transition Scheme. It must be turned off and replaced within the mission of New Caledonia Energy.

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Photo credit : Aerial Prod

The New-Caledonia Energy Transition Scheme – STENC

The New-Caledonia Energy Transition Scheme (STENC) was adopted by the congress on June 23, 2016.
The STENC sets out the objectives by 2030 for reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in New-Caledonia, as well as for developing renewable energies.

Objective n° 1 : reduce our energy consumption
for primary consumption (including mines and metallurgy)
for final consumption (excluding mines and metallurgy)
Objective n° 2 : increase the share of renewable energy
Production from a renewable source representing 100% of electricity consumption of public distribution.
Electric autonomy in the islands.
Objective n° 3 : reduce our greenhouse gas emissions
CO2 emissions in the residential and tertiary sectors
emissions in the mining and metallurgy sector
emissions in the transports sector

To meet these objectives, an action plan is detailed in the sectors of transport and mobility, residential and tertiary, industry, agriculture and renewable energies and public awareness. The main actions are the implementation of incentive financial mechanisms, the implementation and revision of regulations and the participation of stakeholders in voluntary actions.

Solar farm Helio Boulouparis 2. Credit : Quadran / Nicolas Job